Shulgin was a chemist at the Dow Chemical Company in the 1960s, but left to begin his own independent research on psychoactive chemicals, synthesizing MDMA and hundreds of other compounds. By tweaking the chemical composition of known psychoactives, he created hundreds of new compounds, similar to other drugs but with novel structures. He often tested the chemicals on himself, and eventually collected information about them in his popular underground books PIHKAL: A Chemical Love Story and TIHKAL: The Continuation, both authored with his wife, Ann.
Before MDMA, more commonly known as ecstasy, was banned in the United States, Shulgin became a proponent of its use as a medicine. He was largely able to avoid DEA prosecution for his work, as many of his chemicals had never been synthesized before, but in 1993 his lab was raided and a license to produce the chemicals stripped away.
For decades, Shulgin has been seen as a fringe character in research -- "at best a curiosity and at worst a menace," as the New York Times put it in 2005. But new research suggesting thebenefits of MDMA therapy, along with a growing willingness to let researchers experiment with scheduled drugs, may eventually provide some vindication for his work.
Source: popsci.com By Colin Lecher